C Language

C was originally developed at Bell Labs by Dennis Ritchie between 1972 and 1973 to make utilities running on Unix. Later, it was applied to re-implementing the kernel of the Unix operating system. During the 1980s, C gradually gained popularity. It has become one of the most widely used programming languages, with C compilers from various vendors available for the majority of existing computer architectures and operating systems. C has been standardized by the ANSI since 1989 and by the International Organization for Standardization.
C is an procedural language. It was designed to be compiled using a relatively straightforward compiler to provide low-level access to memory and language constructs that map efficiently to machine instructions, all with minimal runtime support. Despite its low-level capabilities, the language was designed to encourage cross-platform programming. A standards-compliant C program written with portability in mind can be compiled for a wide variety of computer platforms and operating systems with few changes to its source code. The language is available on various platforms, from embedded microcontrollers to supercomputers.

Course Contents

1. Environment Setup
2. Program Structure
3. Basic Syntax
4. Data Types
5. Variables
6. Constants
7. Storage Classes
8. Operators
9. Decision Making
10. Loops
11. Functions
12. Scope Rules
13. Arrays
14. Pointers
15. Strings
16. Structures
17. Unions
18. Bit Fields
19. Typedef
20. Input & Output
21. File I/O
22. Preprocessors
23. Header Files
24. Type Casting
25. Error Handling
26. Recursion
27. Variable Arguments
28. Memory Management
29. Command Line Arguments