HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language,
which is the most widely used language on Web to
develop web pages. HTML was created by Berners-Lee in late
1991 but "HTML 2.0" was the first standard HTML specification
which was published in 1995. HTML 4.01 was a major version of
HTML and it was published in late 1999. Though HTML 4.01 version
is widely used but currently we are having HTML-5 version which
is an extension to HTML 4.01, and this version was published
Cascading Style Sheets, fondly referred to as CSS,
is a simple design language intended to simplify the
process of making web pages presentable.
CSS handles the look and feel part of a web page. Using
CSS, you can control the color of the text, the style of fonts
, the spacing between paragraphs, how columns are sized and laid out,
what background images or colors are used, layout designs,variations
in display for different devices and screen sizes as well as a variety
of other effects.
CSS is easy to learn and understand but it provides powerful control
over the presentation of an HTML document. Most commonly,
CSS is combined with the markup languages HTML or XHTML.